?

Log in

13 June 2010 @ 08:46 am
The Nihongo_Japan community is moving to a new location on LiveJournal.

Updates are currently being made and new tutorials will be posted. New features will also be listed for easier grasp of the language.

If you are interested, please visit the link below.
http://community.livejournal.com/doll_dreamer/

These lessons will remain until they are successfully posted onto the new location.

Please allow the moderators some time to post all the current lessons to get started on the new ones.

Thanks, Yoake.
 
 
22 November 2009 @ 09:37 pm
Lesson 5: Yodan (Godan) Verbs
*If you've noticed, I've put the word Godan everytime I posted the word Yodan. Well, if you haven't guessed, it's because you can call them either name. And again, as said in the last lesson, Native speakers wouldn't know what Yodan verbs are. It's a term used to teach the students studying Japanese.
..
Yodan verbs are just a tad bit more complicated than Ichidan Verbs. Yodan verbs have more different endings which means there's more than one suffix to learn to change to past tense form. Don't worry though, it's not as hard as it may sound.
..
-U -TSU -RU -tta
-MU -NU -BU -nda
-KU -GU -ita -da
-SU -shita
..

That's the only thing you need to remember, besides the verb of course, to learn how to change the endings.
The Yodan verbs that end in -U, -TSU, and -RU will change to -tta.
The verbs ending in -MU, -NU, and -BU will change to -nda.
The verbs ending in -KU will change to -ita,
-GU will change to -ida.
And last but not least, -SU will change to -shita.
..
You should turn the trick into your own little tune to remember it easily.
Now time for a few examples.
One example for each.
Examples:
Kau (To Buy/To Keep) - Katta (Bought/Kept)
See how the -U changed to -tta?
.
Matsu (To Wait) - Matta (Waited)
.
Toru (To Take) - Totta (Took)
.
Yasumu (To Rest) - Yasunda (Rested)
The next part of the tune, -MU changes to -nda.
.
Shinu (To Die) - Shinda (Died)
*This is the only -NU verb
.
Asobu (To Play) - Asonda (Played)
.
Itadaku (To Receive) - Itadaita (Received)
-KU changes to -ita
.
Oyogu (To Swim) - Oyoida (Swam)
-GU changes to -ida
.
Kasu (To Lend) - Kashita (Lended)
-SU changes to -shita
...
*In the '-U -TSU -RU -tta' tune, when it comes to the -KU and -GU it says -da for the -GU. Notice they took off the I that's supposed to be infront of the -da. Note, that's just to help with the rhythm. If you'd like the rythm to have an I infront of the -da, go right on ahead and add it.
.....
Here's a list of Yodan verbs for you to study
(But be prepared, there are a lot)
*remember, take your time when learning a new language. It takes time but you'll get it down when you try. Maybe try studying one or a few verbs a day. It'll come to you.
..
YODAN VERBS:
Au - To Meet
Tatsu - To Stand
Hairu - To Enter
Chiru - To Fall/To Scatter
Kiru - To Cut
Hashiru - To Run
Iru - To Need/To Exist
Kaeru - To Return
Kageru - To Limit
Keru - To Kick
Mairu - To Come/To Go
Nigiru - To Grasp
Shiru - To Know
Matsu - To Wait
Toru - To Take
Kau - To Buy/To Keep
Yomu - To Read
Shinu - To Die
Yobu - To Call Out/To Invite
Tobu - To Fly/To Jump
Isogu - To Hurry
Tataku - To Strike/To Clap
Hanasu - To Speak
Aruku - To Walk
Kasu - To Lend
Asobu - To Play
Aru - To Be/To Exist/To Have
Chigau - To Be Different/To Be Mistaken
Furu - To Fall (Rain, Snow)
Gozaru - To Be/To Exist/To Have
Irassharu - To Go/To Come/To Be
Itadaku - To Receive
Iu - To Say/To Relate
Kakaru - To Take (Time)
Kaku - To Write
Kiku - To Hear/To Ask
Kudasaru - To Give to Speaker
Kakeru - To Call (Telephone)
Magaru - To Turn
Marau - To Receive
Motsu - To Have/To Hold
Motte iku - To Take (A Place)
Motte kuru - To Bring
Naru - To Become/To Get
Noboru - To Drink
Nuru - To Paint
Omou - To Think
Owaru - To End/To Finish
Oyogu - To Swim
Sagasu - To Look For
Saku - To Bloom
Sumu - To Live
Suwaru - To Sit Down
Tomaru - To Stay Overnight
Tsukau - To Use
Ugoku - To Move/To Change
Umu - To Produce/To Give Birth
Uru - To Sell
Wakaru - To Understand
Yaru - To Give
Yasumu - To Rest
Ageru - To Give/To Raise
Miru - To Look/To Watch
Ochiru - To Fall
Oboeru - To Remember
Kimeru - To Decide/To Fix/To Choose
Kariru - To Borrow
Dekakeru - To Go Out
Ikiru - To Live/To Become Alive
Ireru - To Be/To Exist
Kangaeru - To Think About/To Consider
Kudaberu - To Compare
Kureru - To Give to Speaker
Mukeru - To Turn
Oriru - To Get Off
Sashiageru - To Give
Tsukareru - To Become Tired
Tsukuru - To Make
Tsutomeru - To Be Employed
...
*The verb Kudasaru is almost like the word Please.
You'll be the one to say it, it's asking to give something to you, Not the other person (As in taking).
Kudasai means please, know it comes from the verb Kudasaru.
...
There are only four irregular verbs in the Japanese language. What a relief, right?
And here they are.
Kuru (To Come) - Kita (Came)
Suru (To Do) - Shita (Did)
Da (To Be/Is, Am, Are, ect..) - Datta (Was, Had, ect..)
Iku (To Go) - Itta (Went)
..
*Yomu and Yobu conjugate with the same suffix. In the end you get Yonda for both verbs. Be aware of the contex to know exactly what verb the other person happens to be using.
..
And be sure to remember
-U -TSU -RU -tta
-MU -NU -BU -nda
-KU -GU -ita -da
-SU -shita
 
 
Current Mood: hyperhyper
 
 
22 November 2009 @ 08:31 pm
Lesson 4: Ichidan Verbs
*Native speakers do not know what Ichiban Verbs are. It's a term used to teach the students an easy way to learn Japanese verbs. Same with Yodan (or Godan).
..
There are more Yodan (or Godan) Verbs than there are Ichidan Verbs. That's why I'll teach you the Ichidan Verbs first.
..
Ichidan Verbs all end in the suffix -ru, there for they're easy to conjugate.
Verbs in Japanese only have to be changed to past tense form, otherwise it stays the same. (for present, future, and even plural tense)
If you hear the verb suffix changed to -masu or -imasu, it's only conjugated to the polite form.
..
To change an Ichidan Verb to past tense, take off the suffix -ru and add -ta
Example: Taberu (to eat) conjugates to Tabeta (ate).
Easy enough, right?
But be careful, there are Yodan (or Godan) Verbs that end in -ru which require a different suffix for past tense form.
Here's a list of Ichidan Verbs so you don't get confused.
...
ICHIDAN VERBS:
Akeru - To Open
Shimeru - To Close
Dekiru - To be Able to
Oshieru - To Tell/To Teach
Todokeru - Deliver
Taberu - To Eat
Deru - To Leave/To Exit
Miseru - To Show
Okiru - To Get Up
Kotaeru - To Answer
Yameru - To Stop/To Resign
Shinjiru - To Believe/To Trust
Kanjiru - To Feel/To Sense
Nigeru - To Run Away/To Escape
Wasureru - To Forget
Tasukeru - To Save
Akirameru - To Give Up
Hajimeru - To Begin
Tsuzukeru - To Continue
Umareru - To Be Born

**Verbs do not have to be conjugated depending on person.
Example: The "To Be" verb (Is, Are, Am)
In English, you'd have to change depending on person.
I am...
You are...
He is...
But in Japanese it would stay the same unless in past tense form.
I is
You is
He is
It's understood as the proper "To Be" form.
 
 
Current Mood: bouncybouncy
 
 
22 November 2009 @ 10:59 am
Lessson 3: Simple Vocabulary
..
Since you've already learned word order, it's time you've had vocabulary to be able to form your own sentences.
*Remember, wa comes after the subject, o come after the object in a sentence.
..
Watashi - I
Watashi no - My
Kimi - You
*He and She doesn't exist in Japan, you'd say the person's name instead.
Desu - is/are/am
*Verbs are only conjugated into past tense form. Plural form or person doesn't exist in Japan.
Ano - That
..
COLOURS:
Aka(i) - Red
Daidaiiro - Orange
Kiiro(i) - Yellow
Midori - Green
Ao(i) - Blue
Murasaki - Purple
Momoiro - Pink
Mizuiro - Sky Blue
Chairo(i) - Brown
Shiro(i) - White
Haiiro(i) - Grey
Kuro(i) - Black
..
NOUNS AND OBJECTS:
Inu - Dog
Neko - Cat
Sora - Sky
Riku - Land
Kusa - Grass
Ki - Tree
Tabemono - Food
Mizu - Water
Hon - Book
Terebi - Television
Pen - Pen
.....
With this lesson, you will be able to form your own sentences. You'd probably say something like the cat is black, Neko wa kuroi desu, or the black cat, Kuroi neko.
*If you'd like to make it plural, The cats are black, you'd say the same exact thing, Neko wa kuroi desu. Like I said before, plural doesn't really exist in Japan. It does, however, if you really want to make it clear. Just add the suffix -tachi to the subject. Neko-tachi wa kuroi desu. The verb desu does not change even if you make it clear there is more than one subject.
..
This lesson is only a few vocab to satisfy those "Japanese urges" you get. Real vocab will be up next so be ready.
 
 
Current Mood: energeticenergetic
 
 
22 November 2009 @ 01:00 am
Lesson 2: Word Order & Simple Vocab
.....
Word Order:
In English, word order is Subject-Verb-Object,
But in Japanese, it's Subject-Object-Verb.
Take this for example...
The dog will eat the cat - Inu wa neko o tabemasu.
..
Inu (Subject)
wa
Neko (Object)
o
Tabemasu (Verb)
..
inu - dog
neko - cat
tabemasu - will eat
..
wa is used to mark the subject. In every sentence, the particle wa should come directly after the subject.
same goes with o. O is the object marker and should always come right after the object.
...
Easy right?
Let's try one a little bit different.
..
The Sky is Blue - Sora wa aoi desu.
Not much of an object, but to say something is, use the same structer.
Sora (Subject)
wa (Subject Marker)
aoi (Adjective)
desu (Verb)
..
*Because there's no object, the particle o is not needed.
..
Sora - Sky
wa - Subj. Marker
aoi - Blue
desu - Is
.....
Now, when you're directly saying something is,
such as "blue sky" instead of "The sky is blue", you won't use the Subj-Obj-Verb structure.
Instead, you'd say...
Aoi Sora
Blue Sky
Just as in English.
.....
That's all for this lesson. If you have any questions be sure to post and I'll be as quick as possible to answer.
 
 
Current Mood: cheerfulcheerful
 
 
 
21 November 2009 @ 08:33 pm
Konnichiwa mina-san! I'm your tutor Yoake (Yoh-ah-keh). Don't worry, if you can't say my name, I'll try my best to teach your the sounds through this lesson.
..........
Lesson 1: Intro & Basics
VOWELS:
A - AH (as in father)
I - EE (as in week)
U - OO (as in moon)
E - EH (as in men)
O - OH (as in no)
...
***Sometimes the U and The I doesn't make any sound at all. If you don't know when, you can say them anyway, it wouldn't be wrong. Also, when two vowels are put together, it may seem to make a different sound just because of fast speech.
Example: Shiroi
..........The OI in Shiroi may sound like OY in Boy.
..........Shee-Roh-EE said fast sounds like Shee-Roy
..........If you want, you can say every letter.
..........Shee-Roh-EE, it's understood and even said by the japanese speakers themselves.
Ai - Eye
Iu - You
Ui - We
Oi - Oy
........
CONSONANTS:
*each consonant makes it own sound. No consonant has two different sounds, this is a reason why Japanese is so easy to speak.
The hardest sounds to learn will probably be the consonants F, R, and the syllable TSU. Otherwise it's pretty easy.
B - Bad
C - Church **The letter C never comes by itself, and H ALWAYS follows.
D - Dad
F - How **Put your teeth right behind your bottom lip and blow. It should make a sound between and F and H.
G - Good
H - Hello
J - Jet
K - Kick
M - Man
N - Night
P - Pretty
R - Like **The R is said either like in Spanish (more of a D sound) or like an L. For English speakers, the L is the easiest and I would Suggest you take that sound.
S - Snake
T - Touch
W - Win
Y - Yes
Z - Zebra
...
***To make the R sound like a Spanish D.
........Say the word Butter. Feel how your tongue barely touches the roof of your mouth and makes sort of a D ........sound.
........Hopefully you understand, just practice.
When two consonants are put together, just hold them out for an extra second.
Example: Kitta and Kita.
Kitta is pronounced Keet tah.
Kita is pronounced Kee tah.
Kitta means cut (past tense), while Kita means North. Definitely don't want to mix those two up.
..
Same with the vowels. When two come one after another (same vowel, of course) just hold it out longer.
Now, when you see a line over the vowel, in some cases, it means to stress that vowel.
......
......
Now for some Beginner Japanese Phrases!! And yes, I'll be sure to put the sounds to make sure you have it down.
.....
PHRASES:
Ohayo (Gozaimasu) - Good Morning (Said until about 10:00 a.m)
Oh-High-Oh (Goh-Zigh-Mahs)
...
Konnichiwa (Gozaimasu) - Good Afternoon (Said until dark)
Kohn-nee-chee-wah (Goh-Zigh-Mahs)
...
Konbanwa (Gozaimasu) - Good Evening (Said when it's dark)
Kohn-Bahn-Wah (Goh-Zigh-Mahs)
...
Sayonara (Gozaimasu) - Good Bye
Sah-Yoh-Nah-Rah (Goh-Zigh-Mahs)
...
Genki desu ka? - How are you?
Gehn-Kee Dehs Kah
...
Hai, Genki desu - Fine, thank you.
High, Gehn-Kee Dehs
...
Arigato (Gozaimasu) - Thank you
Ah-Ree-Gah-Toh (Goh-Zigh-Mahs)
...
Doitashimashite - Your Welcome
Doh-Ee-Tah-Shee-Mah-Shee-Teh
*many people remember this by 'Don't touch my mustache'
...
Hajimemashite - Nice to meet you.
Hah-Jee-Meh-Mah-Shee-Teh
...
Sumimasen - Excuse me
Soo-Mee-Mah-Sehn
...
Gomen(nasai) - Sorry
Goh-Mehn(Nah-Sigh)
...
Hai - Yes
High
...
Iie - No
Eee-eh
...
Namae wa nan desu ka? - What is your name?
Nah-Mah-Eh Wah Nahn Dehs Kah
...
Watashi no namae wa ________ desu. - My Name is.
Wah-Tah-Shee Noh Nah-Mah-Eh Wah ________ Dehs
*If you want, you can just say your name + desu.
* ________ desu.
.....
Don't worry if you can't get it down right away. It'll come to you soon enough.
 
 
Current Mood: amusedamused